KyrgyzstanIn the middle of Central Asia there is a beautiful country recognized as Kyrgyzstan! It is visited by many tourists from all parts of the world who always appreciate their travels. Here in our beautiful country people can see really stunning scenery of mountains and lake, they meet locals and learn about their charming culture and traditions.
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country that took place in the middle of Central Asia, bordering on Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It is situated between latitudes 39° and 44° N, and longitudes between 69° and 81° E. It is situated further from the sea than any other individual country, and all its rivers flow into closed drainage systems which do not end up with the sea. The hilly region of the Tian Shan covers over 80% of the country's territory. That is the reason why Kyrgyzstan is occasionally referred to as "the Switzerland of Central Asia". Issyk-Kul Lake in the north-eastern Tian Shan is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan and the following major alpine lake in the world after Titicaca in South America. The uppermost peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too mountain range, forming the Chinese border. Peak Jengish Chokusu, or Victory Peak at 7,439 m (24,406 ft), is the uppermost point and is the northernmost peak over 7,000 m (22,966 ft) in the world. The runoff streams from the mountains are frequently used for hydro-electricity.
Kyrgyzstan has a good amount of deposits of metals including gold and rare earth metals. Due to the country's primarily hilly topography, less than 8% of the land can be cultivated, and this is absorbed in the northern lowlands and the environs of the Fergana Valley.
Bishkek in the north is the capital and largest city of the republic, with roughly 1,5 million inhabitants. The second city is the ancient town named Osh, which is in the Fergana Valley near the border with Uzbekistan. The main river is baptized the Kara Darya, which flows west through the Fergana Valley into Uzbekistan. In the territory Uzbekistan it confluences with another major Kyrgyz river, the Naryn.
The confluence forms the Syr Darya river which is the biggest in Central Asia. The Chu River also briefly flows through Kyrgyzstan before incoming Kazakhstan.
Flora and Fauna
Flora and fauna in Kyrgyzstan is very rich. You may not come any closer to a Snow Leopard than the figures on the way - but there is a big variety of plant and animal life that you can encounter in the mountains.
Although Kyrgyzstan occupies only about 0.04% of the world's land area - about 2% of the world's species of flora are found here and about 3% of the animal world is also represented. Many of the classes appear in the Red Book of Kyrgyzstan. To help protect the environment, the diversity of wildlife, and their habitants, a network of National Parks and Reserves had been recognized.
The inborn population of Kyrgyzstan is the Kyrgyz (62%) and simultaneously the country is populated with the representatives of 80 distinct nations. The largest ethnic group is Russian, which is considered in terms of quantity to be one of the largest outside Russia. This is due to the fact that beginning from the XIX century the Russians played an important role in all spheres of life of this area. During the occupation of Central Asia thousands of Russian peasants were moved to the topography of Kyrgyzstan. The majority of them formed in the northern part of the country. An important part of the Russian lives in the province of Chuy and in the region of Issyk-Kul.
The second largest minority in modern Kyrgyzstan are Uzbeks. They amount to 14.3% of the whole population of Kyrgyzstan which make about 768,000 people. The Uzbeks live in the southern part in Fergana valley.
The Uzbeks in the South of Kyrgyzstan live densely near the Kirgiz-Uzbek border. Their population is impressive in ancient cities of Osh manufacture 49% and Uzgen which is 90%. Despite the identity of their religion and comparable culture, the collisions between the Kirgiz and Uzbeks on the interethnic basis took place twice in 1990 and 2010. Nowadays the situation is settled down.
With declaration of independence in Kyrgyzstan a number of actions are being held to establish nonviolent and friendly relations among all nations living in the region.