History


History

The territory of Kyrgyzstan was occupied from the ancient times. The area observed the ancient civilizations named Saks, Usuns, and Huns relieving each other consequently. It was followed by the increase of Turkic dynasty which later fell into two main kingdoms and Kyrgyz people fell under the dominion of Western part of the state. Later in the 9th century having conquered the Uigur Khanate the Kyrgyz well-known their first independent country.

Later there the Khanate of Karakhanids was invented during the 10 century and lasted two centuries. One of the most significant cities was Balasaguni called after the great Eastern philosopher Jusup Balasaguni. This city used to be the capital of the Karakhanids. You can visit this town even currently and get to see the leftovers of citadel and the tower of 24 meters. You are able to drive there for one hour.

The territory of the country was engaged by the Great Mongolian invader Genghis Khan in the 13 th century forming the Mongolian Empire. After his death the Empire was split into many small kingdoms among his sons, and the terrain of modern Kyrgyzstan was a part of the Chagatai Khanate.

In the medieval ages the Kyrgyz people went through difficult ethnic transformations and described by incessant wars between the local tribes as well as the attackers. Later the area was governed by the Kokand Khanate mostly by Uzbeks after which the region became part of the Russian Empire after a revolt in 1873 - 1876, and it developed part of the Soviet Union from which Kyrgyzstan removed in 1991, and we rejoice Independence day every year on the 31 of August.